Durkheim's theory of religion exemplifies how functionalists examine sociological phenomena. I want to know about the importance of personality theories in medicine & health sciences. John T Hinnels) notes that some devotees of religion are not terribly pleased about such attempts as it seems to reduce religion to psychology. A fundamental feature of any theory of religion is, or should be, an explanation of the link between the two most observed aspects of religion, the individual aspect and the social aspect. Scholarly and comprehensive yet accessible, this state-of-the-science work is widely regarded as the definitive graduate-level psychology of religion text. Like other psychologists mentioned in the introduction of this chapter, Oser's main goal was to affirm the existence of a non-reducible, primordial, and natural religious domain against the postulates of an anti-religious psychology. Dan Merkur in his “Psychology of Religion” in The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion (ed. The psychology of religion tries to study religion so far as it can be explained psychologically. This text surveys major theorists in the psychology of religion--S. Freud, C.G. Answer: The psychology of religion is the study of religion from the human psychological point of view. The extraordinary range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed up regarding the classic distinction between the natural-scientific and human-scientific approaches. He elaborated one of the more up-to-date stage theories of religious development. Reporters/editors/producers note: The following feature was produced by the American Psychological Association. Psychoanalysts and research psychologists approach the psychology of religion in very different ways. Humanistic psychology theories began to grow in popularity during the 1950s. The purpose of this book is to provide the student of religion with an introduction to the psychology of religion by reviewing seven psychological theories of religion: those of Sigmund Freud, C.G. Email: g.levy1@lse.ac.uk; r.razin@lse.ac.uk. Psychological Theories Of Religion Psychological Theories Of Religion by James Forsyth. Evaluation of each theory—Relates the psychological understanding of religion to the classical psychological theories and the various schools or traditions in psychological thought (psychoanalytic, Jungian, humanistic, existentialist). Some have said people seek religion to cope with a fear of death, others call it the basis for morality, and various other theories abound.. reductionist theories focus on the social or psychological functions that religion has for a group. According to Durkheim, people see religion as contributing to the health and continuation of society in general. The psychology of religion is a rapidly developing field, and no single unifying theory explains individual and group religious experience. Adults of various religious affiliations (n = 275) completed … Jung, William James, Erich Fromm, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, and Viktor Frankl. Each of these theorists presents a comprehensive theory of religion which attempts to give an account of the psychological origin and/or value of religion. The Psychology of Religion. The problem in the past with psychology is its narrowness in defining religion, as well as its overthrowing of the “religious horizon of psychological theory” by Watson (Fuller, p. 228). The authors synthesize classic and contemporary empirical research on numerous different religious groups. The psychology of religion consists of the systematic study and interpretation of religion using the methods and theories of contemporary Western psychology. Jung, William James, Erich Fromm, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow and Viktor Frankl--who are all seminal thinkers and represent the classical theories in this field. The individual aspect is usually referred to as beliefs of the individual 1Department of Economics, LSE. Unique to the psychology of religion are theories of faith development. Known for his scholarly work and his scientific analyses of religion’s role in mental health, he served as editor-in-chief of the “APA Handbook of Psychology, Religion and Spirituality” published in January 2013. This approach tends to focus more on the subconscious motives why people have beliefs that are irrational, and they are popularly known as scientific approach to religious studies. Jung, William James, Erich Fromm, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, and Viktor Frankl. Religious beliefs reflect our unique cognitive ability to detect agency and intention in others and, by extension, in the natural world. It is the study, through empirical and academic means, of the spiritual Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. Dennis yaw boateng sarpong on December 06, 2011: Psychology helps us 2 describe the behaviour of people and also helps us 2 mingle with different kinds of people.   While earlier theories often focused on abnormal behavior and psychological problems, humanist theories instead emphasized the basic goodness of human beings. Serves students with a series of leading questions as a basis for their own critical reflection and judgment. The Social Psychology of Religion, Prejudice and Intergroup Processes Seven questions for religious prejudice expert Wade Rowatt, PhD Cite this. Psychology Definition of PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION: The father of experimental psychology, Wilhelm Wundt was a pioneer in this field. The purpose of this book is to provide the student of religion with an introduction to the psychology of religion by reviewing seven psychological theories of religion: those of Sigmund Freud, C.G. Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to religious traditions, as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. (Cluster 2) STH TY 806: Theories … Representations of God in art, literature, and discourse range from the highly anthropomorphic to the highly abstract. Those who study religion from the psychological perspective are interested in three primary areas that may be broadly characterized as past, present, and future. Here you will find an overview of some of the classic views: William James, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, and Alfred Adler.A recent addition to this page is a synopsis of Erik Erikson's work. (Others will be added to this list as time permits.) 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